basic art terms and definitions

Passepartout artgreeT Blog. IterAtIve proCess A process for arriving at a decision or a desired result by repeating rounds of analysis or a cycle of operations. Naturalism – Naturalism was a broad movement in the nineteenth century which represented things closer to the way we see them Lithography – A printmaking technique based on the repulsion of oil and water, in which an oily substance is applied to a stone or other medium to transfer ink to a paper surface. Juxtaposition – An act of placing things close together or side by side for comparison or contrast. in a manner that leaves an impression on the surface. Art and prints artgreeT Blog © Copyright Daniel Heller All Rights Reserved 2016 -. A circular arrangements of hues based on one of a number of various color theories. Digital art – art creation process in which the artist draws with a stylus on a tablet entering information that is being recorded by an imaging software program, to create a digital file. Portrays natural objects in recognizable form (an example of realism). Colored dots (generally in four colors: cyan, magenta, yellow, and black) used to create shading and... Biomorphic. Composition – Arrangement of individual elements in an artwork. The background or empty space which surrounds a shape so it has a sense of form and volume. Negative space – The background or empty space which surrounds a shape so it has a sense of form and volume. Image – In art a representation of something onto a surface of. Scale – The ratio between the size of an object and its model or representation, as in the scale of a map to the actual geography it represents. Gouache – An opaque watercolor type of paint. Shade – In painting, a color plus black. Drawing – the art of marking a surface with various instruments (pencil, crayons, charcoal, pastel etc.) The surface is usually paper. Allegory – Allegory in art is when the subject of the artwork, or the various elements that form the composition, is used to symbolize a deeper moral or spiritual meaning such as life, death, love, virtue, justice etc. Allegory artgreeT Blog Impressionism – A style of art. Graphic – A visual representation or design on a surface. LINE- An element of art which refers to the continuous mark made on some surface by a moving poin to define a space It may be two-dimensional three-dimensional (as with wire) or implied (the edge of a shape or form). It is an educational tool offering only the most basic information related to art terms, arranged in alphabetical order. Commercial Art – Art made for commerce purposes (advertising, etc.) For example, in class a student’s work may be reviewed Palette – The range of colors used by an artist in making a work of art. Designer – A person who conceives and gives form to objects used in everyday life. Abstract artgreeT Blog Color wheel – A circular arrangements of hues based on one of a number of various color theories. Style – A distinctive or characteristic manner of expression. In printmaking, the number of impressions authorized by the artist made from a single master image. Pastel – A drawing medium of dried paste manufactured in crayon form made of ground pigments and a water-based binder Hue – The actual name of a color, such as blue, red, etc. Monochrome – A work of art rendered in only one color. Manifesto – A public declaration, often political in nature, of a group or individual’s principles, beliefs, and intended courses of action. Academic – Of or relating to the conservative style of art promoted by an official academy Horizon line – A line in works of art that usually shows where land or water converges with the sky. Ephemera – Transitory written and printed matter not originally intended to be kept or preserved. Triptych – A work of art consisting of three parts, usually hinged together. MOMA Glossary of Terms – Official Website When mixed with oil, water, or another fluid, it becomes paint. LINEAR PERSPECTIVE-The way the eye perceives objects. Form – The shape or structure of an object. Tempera – A type of paint in which pigment is mixed with a water-soluble binder, such as egg yolk. Representation – The visual portrayal of someone or something. Passepartout – A sheet material such as cardboard with a cutout. Culture – The arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively. Mixed media – A technique involving the use of two or more artistic media, such as ink and pastel or painting and collage. Renaissance – A term meaning rebirth or revival; applied to a period characterized by the humanistic revival of classical art, architecture, literature, and learning, originating in Italy in the fourteenth century and later spreading throughout Europe and lasting through the sixteenth century. Canvas – Cotton or linen woven cloth used as a surface for painting. A simple drawing showing the features of its subjects in a humorously exaggerated satirical way. Giclée – Is a neologism coined in 1991 by printmaker Jack Duganne, for fine art digital prints made on inkjet printers. Narrative – A spoken, written, or visual account of an event or a series of connected events. Pigment – A substance, usually finely powdered, that produces the color of any medium. Perspective Ballpoint pen on paper by Daniel Heller. Background – The area of an artwork that appears farthest away from the viewer. Opaque – Impenetrable to the passage of light. Art 101: Definitions, is a glossary of basic art terms intended to serve as an easy reference point for beginning collectors of art. endering or painting images and objects in a stylized or simplified way, so that though they remain recognizable, their formal or expressive aspects are emphasized. Color – The perceived hue of an object, produced by the manner in which it reflects or emits light into the eye. Cartoon – A simple drawing showing the features of its subjects in a humorously exaggerated satirical way. Genre – A category of artistic practice having a particular form, content, or technique. The even distribution of weight, either actual weight or visual weight, in a composition. Aesthetic – Describing a concern or association with beauty or good taste a particular taste or approach to the visual qualities of an object. Figurative – Representing a form or figure in the art that retains clear ties to the real world. artgreeT Blog Technique – The method with which an artist employs technical skills or materials to achieve a finished artwork. Geometric – Resembling or using the simple rectilinear or curvilinear lines used in geometry. Exposure – The action of exposing a photographic film to light. Watercolor – A paint composed of pigment mixed with water. The type of impressions depending on the artist’s style and could be lines or dots applied in different ways to create shapes forms or patterns. For an in-depth research study, the reader can access the links to the official websites of the major art sources listed below. Portrait – A representation of a particular individual. Balance – The even distribution of weight, either actual weight or visual weight, in a composition.

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